Components of GDP

The components of US Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

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GDP is divided into four parts: Consumption, Investment, Government Purchase, and Net Export. Net export is export minus import. These four parts are various forms of spending on domestically produced goods and services. The table shows the dollar value of components of the GDP and their percentage of the total. The table provides a percentage value of total for different components, where the share of import is subtracted. The pie chart only represents the comparative size of components of the GDP and discards negative sign of import.

Table: US GDP measured by components of demand for the year 2020

Components Amount (trillions of $) Percent Pie chart percent
Consumption $14.15 67.59% 53.43%
Investment $3.60 17.20% 13.60%
Government $3.83 18.30% 14.47%
Exports $2.13 10.16% 8.03%
Imports ($2.77) -13.24% 10.47%
Total GDP $20.93 100.00% 100.00%

US Demand from Consumption, Investment and Government Purchase from the year 1929 to 2020

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China

China: GDP measured by components of demand for the year 2017

This shows the different component of GDP by percentage.

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India

India: GDP measured by components of demand for the year 2017

This shows the different component of GDP by percentage.

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Nepal

Table: Nepl’s GDP measured by components of demand for the year 2019/20

Components Amount (Rs. Billions) Percent
Consumption 2,650.1 70.4%
Investment 1,889.3 50.2%
Government 434.9 11.5%
Exports 301.7 8.0%
Imports -1,509.0 -40.1%
Total GDP 3767.043 100.0%

Nepal: GDP measured by components of demand for the year 2019/20

This shows the different component of GDP by percentage.

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Nepal: Demand from consumption, investment and government

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References

U.S. Department of Commerce: Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank
Government of Nepal, National Planning Commission, Central Bureau Of Statistics
Khan Academy
THE WORLD FACTBOOK